Sir Frederick Grant Banting (1891-1941)
physician, physiologist, and Nobel laureate, who co-discovered the pancreatic hormone insulin, used in treating diabetes
- born in Alliston, Ontario
- educated at the University of Toronto
- entered the Army Medical Corps in 1915, becoming a captain
- after World War I he practiced medicine in London, Ontario, until 1921
- in 1922, working at the University of Toronto in the laboratory of the Scottish physiologist John James Rickard Macleod and with the assistance of the Canadian physiologist Charles Best, Banting made the dramatic discovery of insulin
- in 1923 the Nobel Prize in medicine was awarded to Banting and Macleod. Objecting to the credit given Macleod, who had not participated in the discovery, Banting shared his half with Best. Macleod divided his share with the Canadian chemist James Bertram Collip, who had helped Macleod purify insulin subsequent to its isolation.
- in 1923 the university established the Banting-Best Department of Medical Research with Banting as its director.
- in 1934 he was made Knight of the British Empire
- at the height of his career, Banting died in a plane crash on route to England to take a wartime post
- biography: Banting: a biography (1984) by Michael Bliss
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